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WeAre1 Early Childhood Children Care Project In India

The programme at the early childhood stage helps to ensure opportunities for holistic

learning and growth. The ECCE programme needs to be determined by children’s

developmental and contextual needs, providing for more need based inputs and an

enabling environment.

Given this need for an individualised approach, it was believed that a common

‘curriculum’ would not be appropriate for all. However, over the years it has been

observed that the practical realities are different and most of the ECCE programmes

on offer currently do not have developmentally appropriate programmes for the young child.

The vacuum created by a lack of curriculum framework has resulted in its being filled with either a minimalist programme or the downward extension of the primary stage curriculum leading to overburdening the child which can have a negative impact on the child’s learning potential. To ensure optimal development for all children, there is a need to create

a planned curriculum framework, encompassing developmentally appropriate knowledge and skills, with flexibility for contextualization and diverse needs of young children. A curriculum framework is also required to ensure that important learning areas are

covered, taking care of all the developmental needs of the young child. It also facilitates adoption of a common pedagogical approach to ensure a certain level of quality and

address the widespread diversity in the ECCE programmes available for the young children in India.

The purpose of this framework is to promote quality and excellence in early childhood

education by providing guidelines for practices that would promote optimum learning

and development of all young children and set out the broad arrangement of approaches

and experiences rather than detailed defining of the content.

A cautious approach is being adopted to not provide a detailed curriculum/syllabus which would be prescriptive and ‘delivered’ to the young children in a ‘straight jacketed manner’.

The Curriculum Framework calls attention to the common principles and developmental tasks, at the same time, respecting the diversity in the child rearing practices and contextual ECCE needs. Each programme is expected to develop its own curriculum to meet the needs of its children, their families, the specific setting, the linguistic culture and the local community. However, the programmes should be based on the curriculum principles and guidelines laid down in this framework.

This Framework is a dynamic document and would be continually reviewed and evolved

in the light of emerging needs. Also, with the adoption of the framework, case studies of

emerging best practices will follow and learning from them would further strengthen the


This Framework is firmly focussed on the needs of the child and should lead to improved

child care and developmentally appropriate environment for children, leading to a

positive impact on quality of learning and increased attainment of learning outcomes for children participating in ECCE programmes. Furthermore, this framework focuses on providing guidelines for child care and early educational practices. The other components for the holistic ECCE programme such as nutrition, health and hygiene, protection and care

are to be ensured by cross reference from related policies and instruments as mentioned in the National ECCE policy.

The National ECCE Curriculum Framework comprises of broadly three sections.

• Section I consists of introduction, vision for an Indian child, rationale and theoretical

foundation for ECCE. The objectives of early childhood education; pedagogical bases

and principles of early learning are laid out.

• Section II comprises of details of the goals for different domains of development, i.e.

physical, language, cognitive, socio-emotional and creative and aesthetic

appreciation, to be fostered to ensure holistic development of children under six

years. It comprises of suggested developmentally appropriate practices for different

age groups.

• Section III focuses on implementation details such as principles of programme

planning, stages of programme planning, role of parents and caregivers/ECCE

teachers, essential play materials and assessment procedure etc.

Thanks to Mr Santosh Mentah for recording and directing the Video in this hard times we are facing but he believes in our cause as so many people.

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